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Cation exchange processes in GCLs

Features | October 20, 2023 | By: Kurt D. Katzenberger, M.S., E.I.T.; James L. Hanson, Ph.D., P.E.; Nazli Yesiller, Ph.D.; Kuo Tian, Ph.D., P.E.; Dong Li, M.S.; and Kristin Sample-Lord, Ph.D., P.E.

FIGURE 1 GCL panel installed in the bottom liner system of a municipal solid waste landfill. Photo courtesy of Nazli Yesiller Geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) are multi-component materials commonly used in hydraulic barrier systems in applications ranging from different types of landfills to waste ponds to additional liquid containment applications. Conventional GCLs consist of a […]


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