Geogrid products are designed for reinforcement and, characteristically, are integrally connected to elements separated by in-plane apertures.
Geogrids form a distinct category of geosynthetics designed for reinforcement. These products are characterized by a relatively high tensile strength and a uniformly distributed array of large apertures (openings between the longitudinal and transverse elements). The apertures allow soil particles on either side of the installed sheet to come into direct contact, thereby increasing the interaction between the geogrid and some soils. Also, the apertures ensure vertical drainage of a reinforced free-draining soil.
The geogrid elements vary in polymer type and cross-sectional dimensions. They can sometimes change shape and dimensions within their length. Geogrids are either integrally manufactured, ultrasonically or adhesive bonded, or joined in a knitting or weaving process and then coated.
Although geogrids are used primarily for reinforcement, some products are designed for asphalt overlay and waterprooï¬ng or for separation and stabilization. Geogrids also are used as gabions and sheet anchors, inserted between geotextiles and geomembranes, or used to construct mattresses for ï¬lls or embankments over soft soils.