The GMA Techline

April 1, 2020

Moderated by George R. Koerner and Y. “Grace” Hsuan Welding Rod Q: This question is in regard to the welding rod intended for welding of geomembranes (both high-density polyethylene [HDPE] and linear low-density polyethylene [LLDPE]). Are there any GRI GM13- or GM17-based requirements for welding rods or are there any white papers or specifications? I …

The GMA Techline

February 1, 2020

Moderated by George R. Koerner and Y. “Grace” Hsuan DARCIAN PERMEABILITY Q: I am aware of the section in your book regarding geomembrane “permeability” and get from it that it aims to calculate an equivalent Darcian permeability using vapor diffusion via Fick’s law. Can one use the derived permeability then when calculating flow using Darcy’s …

The GMA Techline

August 1, 2019

Moderated by Robert M. Koerner, George R. Koerner and Y. “Grace” Hsuan A geotextile for unpaved driveway/road? Q: Is there any point in using a 150 g/m2 (4.4 oz/yd2) nonwoven geotextile in building an unpaved gravel driveway or gravel road? If so, what should be the most important characteristics of the fabric and what are …

The GMA Techline

June 1, 2019

Who is doing the testing? Q: This question relates to the number of rolls to be selected as the lot sample for specification conformance testing and refers to ASTM D4354. When I look at this standard, it appears the values in Table 1 of GRI’s White Paper #10 refer to the number of units to …

The GMA Techline

April 1, 2019

Vegetation causing gases under geomembrane? Q: I have a site where we are installing a high-density polyethylene (HDPE) liner in an existing pond. Because of some residual heavy metals in the top layer of soil, I would like to strip off the top 3–6 inches (7.6–15.2 cm) of soil and vegetation. Alternatively, we could mow and …

The GMA Techline

February 1, 2019

Geomembranes for canal lining Q: Our company is an international member of the Industrial Fabrics Association International (IFAI). Our government is planning to line their water canals with a geomembrane to prevent water seepage into the soil. We have been approached by many to suggest the most suitable material with specifications to guide them in …

The GMA Techline

October 1, 2018

Toxicity of nonwovens? Q: Are there any comprehensive tests (or a general synopsis) of the environmental toxicity of leachate from nonwoven polypropylene fabrics when aged in a freshwater or saltwater solution? Regulatory and municipal bodies in Europe and New Zealand are requesting more info about products that are used in riparian and coastal environments. A: …

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August 1, 2018

UV Weathering of Geotextiles Q: My firm is providing construction quality assurance services for a landfill cell expansion. We are having an issue with our contractor and are going to be in a position of having 8 ounces/square yard (271 g/m2) of nonwoven geotextile exposed for a period of time, which exceeds the seven-day limit …

GMA Techline

February 1, 2018

Determining quantity of recycled HDPE in a geonet Q: I have a question about high-density polyethylene (HDPE) geonets. Is it possible, by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) analysis, to determine the quantity of recycled HDPE present in a geonet? I have a geonet that, I think, is made with virgin and recycled …

GMA Techline

October 1, 2017

Welding HDPE to PVC and more Q: I would appreciate any input you have on these questions: Can a high-density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane (GM) be welded to a PVC geomembrane? I am looking to connect a geomembrane to a building foundation. Based on some research, I have found the following options: bolt the geomembrane to …