Dealing with difficult sites
In the past, when dealing with difficult sites for construction purposes, the conventional practice was limited to either replacing the unsuitable soils, or bypassing them with costly deep foundations. Additionally, the age-old problem of land scarcity and the need to rebuild aging infrastructure in urban areas, increased realization of seismic hazards, and regulations mandated for various environmental problems, have been the impetus for the the evolution of a number of ground improvement techniques during the past 25 years. Innovative ground modification approaches are routinely used now to solve unique soil-related problems, and often are considered to be the most economical means to improve an undesirable site condition.
Geosynthetics have proven to be among the most versatile and cost-effective ground modification materials. Their use has expanded rapidly into nearly all areas of civil, geotechnical, environmental, coastal, and hydraulic engineering.
This handbook introduces geosynthetics from the perspective of practical application. It is intended to serve as a general reference in the field for those who are building structures that include geosynthetics.