Methods to estimate pressures and strains in pond geomembrane bubbles

August 1st, 2020

By Richard Thiel, Hesham Eldesouky and Richard Brachman FIGURE 1 Bubbles in pond with 60-mil (1.5-mm) HDPE geomembrane on verge of bursting This article provides an update, validation and improved approach for predicting the shape, pressure and strains that can occur in an exposed geomembrane bubble (aka “whale”) created by gas trapped below the geomembrane […]

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A leachate pond geomembrane after 25 years of service

February 1st, 2019

This article reports on the evaluation of an exposed geomembrane liner in a landfill leachate pond after being in service for 25 years. The evaluation was performed in two campaigns: in August 2014 and in May 2018. The purpose of the evaluation was to determine the condition of the geomembrane and to provide a recommendation […]

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The magic of water and geosynthetics

February 1st, 2019

Water is a fundamental issue in many projects using geosynthetics. From erosion control to reservoir liners and covers, from landfill leachate pond barriers to coal ash dewatering, handling water and the effects of water are considerations nearly every engineer employing geosynthetics considers. Geosynthetics can effectively manage water applications of erosion control, reinforcement, barriers, filtration and […]

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Geocomposite lamination strength ASTM test method: Time for an update

August 1st, 2018

Recent project experience that included continuous peel testing across the roll width of geocomposite materials has shed light on the issue of peel strength between geotextiles and geonets that are heat-bonded together. The variability of peel strength across a roll width is found to be much greater than expected, with the typical standard deviation often […]

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Geosynthetics use expands in mining and ore processing

August 1st, 2018

The estimated value of nonfuel mining of raw materials in the United States alone totaled $75.2 billion in 2017, according to an annual report by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Everything from aluminum to zinc falls into this massive category, but that dollar figure is dwarfed by the USGS’s estimate in that same report of […]

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IGS-NA news

April 1st, 2018

The following are highlights of the many initiatives of IGS-NA over the last few months. IGS-NA supports Geosynthetics 2019 The North American Chapter of the International Geosynthetics Society (IGS-NA) is proud to support the Geosynthetics 2019 conference, which is organized by the Geosynthetic Materials Association, to be held Feb. 10–13, 2019, at the Marriott Marquis […]

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Controlling uplifting gas bubbles in exposed geomembrane-lined ponds—Part 3

April 1st, 2018

Part 1 of this series (Thiel 2017) demonstrated how the size, shape, pressure, and stresses and strains experienced by geomembrane bubbles inflated with gas could be analytically estimated. Part 2 of this series (Thiel 2018) evaluated the considerations for incorporating a gas-venting underdrain below the geomembrane liner. The current, and final, Part 3 of this […]

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Editorial: Geomembranes and water

April 1st, 2018

The World Health Organization (WHO) asserts that a clean water supply is “fundamental to global health.” WHO estimates that considerable exposure worldwide to contraction of many waterborne diseases and conditions (diarrhea, malaria, malnutrition, parasites, bacterial infections, etc.) could be diminished by increasing access to safe drinking water, improving sanitation and hygiene, and improving water management. […]

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Part 2: Controlling uplifting gas bubbles in exposed geomembrane-lined ponds

February 1st, 2018

Part 1 of this series in the October/November 2017 issue of Geosynthetics demonstrated how the size, shape, pressure, and stresses and strains experienced by geomembrane bubbles surrounded by a confining fluid could be analytically estimated. Two different field case histories exhibiting the extremes of bubble sizes in ponds lined with 60-mil (1.5-mm) high-density polyethylene (HDPE) […]

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Part 1: Controlling uplifting gas bubbles in exposed geomembrane-lined ponds

October 1st, 2017

There is a substantial legacy of literature devoted to the design, construction and operation of geomembrane-lined ponds, with perhaps the best and most complete reference being 34 years old by Giroud (1983). Even with this long history, there continue to be problems and failures with lined ponds. One of the problems continuing to plague the […]

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